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【爱马斯全球】重视双手健康:接触木材着色剂时不能没有手套

Wood stains come in a variety of compositions and consistencies. Some are semi-transparent, and others are intended to create a thick coating over the wood. Because of the variety of products on the market, specific stains may have multiple hazardous chemicals in them. Here are some chemicals commonly found in wood stains and effective disposable gloves for each:

木材着色剂有不同的成分和浓度。有些是半透明的,有些是为了在木头表面形成一层厚厚的涂层。市面上有各种各样的产品,特殊的着色剂可能就包含了多种有害化学物质。以下列举了木头着色剂中常见的化学成分,以及相对应的一次性防护手套。

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Ethylene glycol

乙二醇

Although many wood stains are water-based, they still contain a small percentage of a solvent, such as ethylene glycol. This chemical is poorly absorbed through the skin, but the U.S. Centers for Disease Control still recommends chemical-resistant gloves for handling ethylene glycol. For ethylene glycol in its liquid form, vinyl, nitrile and latex gloves all provide protection. In the solvent’s ether form, latex and nitrile gloves may be used for a limited time. On-site testing should always be conducted to determine the safe handling time for a particular solution.

尽管很多木头着色剂是水性的,但也包含了一定比例的溶剂,比如乙二醇。这种化学物很难别被皮肤吸收,但是美国疾病控制中心推荐在接触乙二醇时使用防化学性的手套。乙二醇在液体状态下,乙烯基、丁腈和乳胶手套都能提供防护。在有溶剂乙醚时,乳胶和丁腈仅能用于短暂的防护。为确定特定溶剂的接触时间,现场试验应需持续进行。

Sodium hydroxide

氢氧化钠氧化钠

Sodium hydroxide is a corrosive with the potential to cause burns on any tissue it comes into contact with. Chemical burns may even lead to deep tissue damage, so this chemical should always be handled with care. Solutions of sodium hydroxide with up to a 50 percent concentration may be safely handled with latex, nitrile or vinyl gloves.

氢氧化钠具有腐蚀性,当与其接触可能会被灼伤。化学灼伤可能导致深层的组织损伤,所以得小心处理。可以用乳胶、丁腈或乙烯基手套安全地处理浓度在50%以下的氢氧化钠。

Mineral spirits

矿物油矿物油

Mineral spirits are hydrocarbons commonly found in wood stains, paints and paint thinners. Direct contact with mineral spirits causes skin burns, irritation and even necrosis. Nitrile gloves offer protection for safe handling of mineral spirit concentrations of up to 100 percent.

在木材着色剂、涂料、涂料稀释剂中通常都有矿物油。直接接触矿物油会导致皮肤灼伤、刺激甚至坏死。在处理哪怕100%的浓度的矿物油时,丁腈手套能提供有效防护。

Ethyl alcohol

乙醇

cohol is most commonly found in alcoholic beverages, and it is also used as a solvent and to manufacture other chemicals. Ethyl alcohol is flammable, and high concentrations may irritate the skin or cause redness or dryness. For wood stains containing ethyl alcohol, latex and nitrile gloves are well suited for application. Vinyl gloves may be used for a limited time.

乙醇常见于酒精饮料中,也常被用于制作溶剂或其他化学用品。乙醇易燃,高浓度的会刺激皮肤,使皮肤发红或干燥。乳胶和丁腈手套适用于接触含有乙醇的木材着色剂,而乙烯基手套只能用作短暂的防护。

Latex

乳胶

Some film finishes are latex-based for a more solid finish and better color retention than other stains but adds risks for people with latex sensitivities. Nitrile gloves are suitable for people with latex sensitivities or allergies, and these gloves provide superior chemical resistance for many different compounds.

在工序完成之前,会使用乳胶。这使得着色剂呈现更好的色彩,但是增加了对乳胶过敏人的风险。丁腈手套就适合那些对乳胶过敏的人,并且能够提供对很多不同化学物的专业防护。

1,4-Dioxane

1,4-二氧六环4-二氧六环

1,4-dioxane is a chemical found in wood stains and a suspected carcinogen that may also cause skin irritation. Latex and vinyl gloves may be used for a limited time for protection from 1,4-dioxane.

在木材着色剂中有1,4-二氧六环,是疑似致癌物,也会引起皮肤刺激。乳胶和乙烯基手套能够提供有限的防护。


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